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Polish has a bit of a reputation for having an alphabet that's confusing to foreigners because of its many diacrits and letter combinations. Learning it can be done however, and if nothing else, Polish spelling is pretty consistent so you can spell any word if you know the alphabet well.

The alphabet Edit

Polish letter IPA English equivalent Notes
A /a/ A in large or in Estonia
Ą /ɔ̃/ Nasal O
B /b/ B in "Boy" Pronounced the same in Polish and English
C /t͡s/ TS in "Sports"
Ć /t͡ɕ/ Roughly CH in chin
D /d/ D Pronounced the same in Polish and English
E /ɛ/ E in "Next"
Ę /ɛ̃/ Nasal E
F /f/ F Pronounced the same in Polish and English
G /g/ G Pronounced the same in Polish and English
H /x/ "Ch" in Scottich "loch" Pronounced the same as a Polish CH
I /i/ EA in "Easy" EE in "Bee" Pronounced the same as a Polish J if followed by a vowel
J /j/ Y in "Yes"
K /k/ K Pronounced the same in Polish and English
L /l/ L Pronounced the same in Polish and English
Ł /w/ W in "Water"
M /m/ M Pronounced the same in Polish and English
N /n/ N Pronounced the same in Polish and English
Ń /ɲ/ "Ni" in Onion Same sound as Spanish "ñ"
O /ɔ/ O in "Short"
Ó /u/ OO in "Ooze" Pronounced the same as a Polish U
P /p/ P Pronounced the same in Polish and English
Q /k/ Q Pronounced the same in Polish and English

Almost never used in Polish

R /r/ trilled R
S /s/ S Pronounced the same in Polish and English
Ś /ɕ/ Roughly SH in "Shuttle" Pronounced with the blade of your tongue. Here is a quite solid guide for pronouncing this.
T /t/ T Pronounced the same in Polish and English
U /u/ OO in "Ooze" Pronounced the same as a Polish Ó
V /v/ V Pronounced the same in Polish and English

Almost never used in Polish

W /v/ V in "verb" Blame the Germans for this.
X /ks/ X Pronounced the same in Polish and English

Almost never used in Polish

Y /ɨ/ I in Insect
Z /z/ Z Pronounced the same in Polish and English
Ż /ʐ/ Si in "Vision" Pronounced the same as Ź and RZ

The Polish keyboard Edit

The Polish keyboard has a QWERTY layout which is identical to the English one. Diacrits are made with either ctrl+alt+[letter] or altgr+[letter], you can use either one depending on which one you prefer.

Letter Combination(1) Combinations(2)
Ą Ctrl+Alt+A Altgr+A
Ć Ctrl+Alt+C Altgr+C
Ę Ctrl+Alt+E Altgr+E
Ł Crtl+Alt+L Altgr+L
Ń Ctrl+Alt+N Altgr+N
Ś Ctrl+Alt+S Altgr+S
Ż Ctrl+Alt+Z Altgr+Z
Ź Ctrl+Alt+X Altgr+X

Letter combinations Edit

Letters IPA English equivalent Notes
CZ /t͡ʂ/ CH in "Chin" Pronounced similarly to Ć
Dz /d͡z/ Roughly First G in "George" Pronounced similarly to Dż and Dź
SZ /ʂ/ Roughly SH in "Shoe" Pronounced similarly to S, but your tongue is placed towards the roof of your mouth rather than near your teeth.
RZ /ʐ/ Si in "Vision" Pronounced the same as Ż and Ź.
CH /x/ Hard G Pronounced the same as a Polish H

Not to be confused with "CH" in latinised cyrillic

Difficult letters Edit

This section is being changed

Dz, Dż, Dź Edit

Ó and U Edit

Ó and U are pronounced exactly the same, Ó is simply a legacy letter that denotes that it developed from an "O"(Most words with an Ó in Polish have an O in other slavic languages). There's no easy way to tell when to use which unless you speak another Slavic language

Ż, Ź and RZ Edit

These letters are pronounced roughly the same but there is some difference

Ś, SZ, Ć and CZ Edit

ś sz are pronounced similarly but not the same

ć and cz are also pronounced similarly but not the same

Polish
Polish Polish alphabet and spelling Polish grammar
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